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Phonon-blocked junction refrigerators for cryogenic quantum devices

Refrigeration is an important enabler for quantum technology. The very low energy of the fundamental excitations typically utilized in quantum technology devices and systems requires temperature well below 1 K. Expensive cryostats are utilized in reaching sub-1 K regime and solid-state cooling solutions would revolutionize the field. New electronic micro-coolers based on phonon-blocked semiconductor-superconductor junctions could provide a viable route to such miniaturization. Here, we investigate the performance limits of these junction refrigerators.